If you like to eat melons, you don't have to buy them in the supermarket. You can also grow melons yourself. Here are 6 tips to make it work.Grow melons yourself
Tip 1 - cultivation
High-quality melon seeds (mainly from America) are offered in specialist shops and are first sown in small pots on the window sill or in the greenhouse, similar to tomato plants. Ideally, you should put the individual seed kernels in seed soil about 4 weeks before planting out, water them lukewarm and cover them with a translucent film.
Of course, you can also sow your own seeds, for example from a watermelon. To do this, simply remove the kernels from the inside of the fruit, wash off, dry well and store until sowing. But be careful: melon kernels that are not sufficiently dried can mold and are then no longer capable of germinating, meaning they are worthless as seeds.
"Keep growing pots warm
It is important that the growing pots always get enough ground heat - for example by switching on the heating under the window sill. You can also place a polystyrene plate under the potty.
Tip 2 - rearing
"Maintain melon seedlings
After about 10 days, the melon seedlings are clearly visible in the potty. Now you can remove the film. From this point on, however, you have to water the melon plants regularly - Caution: Avoid waterlogging so that the fine roots do not mold. Under no circumstances should you expose the small plants to direct sunlight. Sunshine is much lower in greenhouses. As a rule, you do not need to protect the melons here.
"Repotting melon plants
If the melon plants in the pots are slowly getting too big or are too close together, you have to repot them again so that they do not stop growing during growing.
Tip 3 - use plants
"Use melon plants at the future location
The melon plants are ready after about a month that you can use them in their future location - planting distance about 80 to 100 centimeters. Regardless of whether it is a greenhouse or an open-air bed - when planting you have to make sure that you do not injure the sensitive roots.
"Choice of location
As far as the choice of location outdoors is concerned, you should choose a sunny spot that is protected from the wind.
Planting outdoors is not recommended before mid-May. You should first loosen the soil well beforehand and, if possible, enrich it with well-rotted compost or cow dung. For this purpose, you should work the compost into the soil about 2 weeks beforehand, let it settle and only then put the melon plants in it and water it well (again avoid waterlogging).
"Protect melon plants
For the first days / weeks it is advisable to protect the melons with a transparent garden film.
Tip 4 - take care of melon plants
"You now have two options:
Either let the melons climb up (climbing aid necessary) or let the melons branch, causing them to climb up in width. You can branch off if you cut off the main shoot after about 6 plant leaves.
"Water melon plants
You have to water your melons regularly, but always moderately, because they do not tolerate too much moisture. You also have to make sure that there is never waterlogging. You should always water the melons in the morning or in the morning with slightly lukewarm rainwater.
"Melons in the greenhouse
If you are growing melons in the greenhouse, you should open them several hours a day during the flowering phase so that the bees can pollinate the melon flowers.
"Place melons on polystyrene plates
As soon as melon fruits are recognizable, you must make sure that they do not lie directly on the damp floor - so it is best to place small styrofoam plates under the melons. This prevents the fruit from becoming rotten at one point.
Tip 5 - fertilize melons
If you put the melons in a previously well-enriched soil, you should only fertilize them immediately before flowering and immediately before fruiting. You can use vegetable fertilizers and tomato fertilizers for fertilization.
Tip 6 - harvest melons
"When are melons ripe?
Depending on the type of melon, the fruits ripen differently. Fruit ripeness can be recognized, for example, by the withering of the leaves, the incomparable melon scent and the tone - just tap on ripe fruit with your knuckles. A low tone indicates fruit ripeness.
When the fruits are ripe, you can use a sharp knife to separate them from the perennial. As with the pumpkin, the fruit set (stem) should always remain on the fruit, making it more durable.