Fruit plants have the advantage over vegetables that they do not have to be replanted every year. They bear fruit for many years and thus ensure a rich harvest.
Anyone who has ever had a fruit tree in the garden knows how easy it is to maintain such crops. This not only ensures your own supply, but also that of your neighbors. In addition, the plants are not only practical when it comes to harvesting, they also visually beautify the garden and offer a shady spot in summer.
Since fruit trees and shrubs have been planted for many years, gardeners should think about the exact location where the plant should grow. The size and the space required are to be aligned with the needs of the crop. Sunny, partially shaded or shady locations determine the later yield and growth of the respective variety.
The size of the garden and your own preference for certain fruits determine which and how many fruit plants can be planted.
Fruit growing in small gardens
Even people with small gardens or even terraces do not have to do without the fruit plants. There are some fruit bushes that can be perfectly placed in buckets. These include currants or gooseberries. Fruit trees can also be realized in a small area.
There are special cultivation forms such as column fruit trees. These are adapted to little space in their size and growth form. Originally they were grown as a snack - because the fruit is easy to reach and therefore easy to harvest.
Caring for the column fruit is not much more complex than with other fruit trees. With potted plants, however, care must be taken to ensure that water is supplied. Fertilization in spring and a topiary in summer should also be planned. In addition, the column fruit trees are also available for a wide variety of fruits (more information on this at Gartenbista).
The pillar fruit trees also have the advantage of finding their place in larger gardens. Here they mostly act in the form of a large fruit hedge as a garden divider or as a colorful mixed fruit supply as an eye-catcher.
Fruit growing in large gardens
The larger the garden, the more design options there are when planting your own fruit. From large orchards to themed gardens, there are no limits to your imagination.
With enough space, the possibility should be used to grow different types of fruit. Different flowering and ripening times enable a profitable harvest almost all year round. The first strawberries can be harvested in May. The plants themselves should already be planted in early autumn of the previous year.
You can harvest the aromatic red fruits until July. Gooseberries, early apricot varieties and summer raspberries are added in June. The main berry season is in July and August. Raspberries, gooseberries, blueberries and currants and many other types give a rich harvest at this time.
Fruit harvest into autumn
This is followed by stone fruit and pome family. Depending on the variety, plums, cherries, apples, pears and apricots can be harvested until October.
When harvesting, the storage life of the respective fruit should also be taken into account. Apples and pears can be stored very well for a few months. Only fruits that do not have any quirks should be used, otherwise they will rot quickly and the remaining fruits infect, They are to be stored carefully in open boxes so that air can reach the fruit. The boxes are best stored in a dark, cool cellar room.
Other types of fruit such as berries, apricots or plums cannot be stored for a longer period. Here the fruit can be processed or preserved directly. Classic preservation options are freezing berry fruit or boiling down to jam or puree. However, the direct processing of the delicious fruits in cakes and desserts is particularly popular.
The selection of fruit that can be grown is growing for every hobby gardener. In addition to the classic types of fruit, exotic varieties from originally warmer climes are also increasingly being found. This not only gives the garden a touch of exoticism, but also extends the harvest with many delicacies.
Fruit highlights in the garden
A garden highlight that not everyone has and which is also very healthy is the pomegranate tree. It is considered very robust, but requires a lot of light and heat. Therefore, it must be kept in a bucket so that it can be brought in in winter.
Since the tree takes a few years to bear sufficient fruit, a suitable transport device for the bucket must be provided here. This means that the trees, which are up to five meters high, can be brought outside in summer. The red fruits are harvested between July and August. Appropriate care for pomegranate trees also ensures a healthy and long-lasting plant.
Another thing that not everyone has in their garden is an expansive fig tree. This can be planted firmly in the garden floor, but needs a sufficiently sunny place. Here, too, it takes a few years before a larger harvest can be expected.
The harvest time depends on the type of fig and the warmth in summer. Some fig trees bear their fruits in July and September or October, others only in September and October. The warmer the summer, the earlier the sweet fruits will ripen.
This fruit is rather uncomplicated to care for. Between March and September it is advisable to give the tree some fertilizer so that it can put more energy into its fruit. Otherwise, it can be brought into shape by a light cut in spring. A radical cut should be avoided, however, as this has a negative effect on the number of fruits.